The GHNP is at the junction of world’s two major faunal regions: the oriental to the south and palaearctic to the north. The temperate forest flora-fauna of GHNP represents the westernmost extension of the Sino-Japanese Region. The high altitude ecosystem of the Northwest Himalaya has common plant elements with the adjacent Western and Central Asiatic region. As a result of its 4,100 m elevation range the park has a diversity of zones with their representative flora and fauna, such as alpine, glacial, temperate, and subtropical forests.
GHNP protects more than 1,100 Sq. km. of Himachal Pradesh’s alpine, glacial, temperate, and subtropical forests.In this immersive destination, the real luxury is in living and breathing inside the jungle. Every inch is waiting to be discovered. Here, you’ll encounter iconic four globally threatened mammals- Snow leopard, Serow, Himalayan Tahr, Musk Deer, three globally threatened birds- Western Tragopan, Koklas, cheer pheasants and 10% of the world’s known plant species. It’s a pristine environment where nature thrives in its rawest form.
In June 2014, the Great Himalayan National Park was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The UNESCO World Heritage Site Committee granted the status to the park under the criteria of “outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation”.
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), Tirthan & Sainj Wildlife Sanctuaries have ranked in the best 5 protected areas in the MEE (Management Effectiveness Evaluation) list 2021.